Praktik Pengobatan Gigi Sendiri yang dilakukan oleh Masyarakat Pengguna Facebook

Manginar Sidabutar, Rosliani Saragih

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Treating our own teeth by taking antibiotics without a doctor's prescription can trigger antibiotic resistance.The purpose of the study was to determine the characteristics of social media users who practice self-medication, dental problems and symptoms of toothache experienced, types of drugs, doses, duration, and side effects experienced, where the drugs were obtained, sources of information and reasons for self-medication. This research method is a survey using google form (web-based questionnaire). The sample in this study was a friend of the researcher on the Facebook application, amounting to 200 people. The results showed that Facebook users who did their own dental treatment were dominated by women (79.6%), under 20 years old (54.9%), students (70.8%), high school education (70.8%), and income below one million rupiah (95.5%). Symptoms of dental disease that are most often experienced are cavities/swollen gums (53.9%), the type of antibiotic commonly consumed is amoxicillin (76.1%), not knowing how many doses of amoxicillin are consumed (34.5%,). Sources of information about antibiotic drugs used were obtained from health workers at pharmacies (33.9%). In conclusion, Facebook users with low economic status and education tend to take care of their teeth by consuming antibiotics irrationally and amoxilin is a commonly used antibiotic. It is recommended that the distribution of antibiotics be strictly regulated to protect the public.

ABSTRAK

Mengobati gigi sendiri dengan mengonsumsi antibiotik tanpa resep dokter dapat menjadi pemicu terjadinya resistensi antibiotik. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik pengguna media sosial yang melakukan praktik pengobatan sendiri, masalah gigi dan gejala sakit gigi yang dialami, jenis obat, dosis, durasi, dan efek samping yang dialami, dari mana obat tersebut diperoleh, sumber informasi dan alasan untuk pengobatan sendiri. Metode penelitian ini adalah survei dengan menggunakan google form (kuesioner berbasis web). Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah teman dari peneliti di aplikasi facebook yang berjumlah 200 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengguna Facebook yang melakukan pengobatan gigi sendiri didominasi oleh wanita (79,6%), usia di bawah 20 tahun (54,9%), pelajar (70,8%), pendidikan SMA (70,8%), pendapatan di bawah satu juta rupiah (95,5%). Gejala penyakit gigi yang paling sering dialami adalah gigi berlubang/gusi bengkak (53,9%), jenis antibiotik yang biasa dikonsumsi amoksisilin (76,1%), tidak mengetahui berapa dosis amoksisilin yang dikonsumsi (34, 5%,). Sumber informasi tentang obat antibiotik yang digunakan diperoleh dari petugas kesehatan di apotek (33,9%). Kesimpulannya, pengguna Facebook dengan status ekonomi dan pendidikan rendah cenderung merawat giginya dengan mengonsumsi antibiotik secara tidak rasional dan amoxilin adalah antibiotik yang umum digunakan. Disarankan agar pendistribusian antibiotika diatur secara ketat untuk melindungi masyarakat.

 


Keywords


Resistensi Antibiotika; Pengobatan Gigi Sendiri; Media Sosial Facebook

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Laporan Riskesdas 2018. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2018.

Hu, Y., Wang, X., Tucker, J. D., Little, P., Moore, M., Fukuda, K., & Zhou, X. Knowledge, attitude, and practice with respect to antibiotic use among Chinese medical students: A multicentre cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2018; 15(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061165

Muraru, I.-D., & Ciuhodaru, T. Self-Medication Among Patients With Dental Problems. International Journal of Medical Dentistry, 2019; 23(1), 17–23.

Zareef, U., Najam, A., Shahid, A., Qureshi, N. R., & Adnan Ali, S. Practice of Self Medication for Dental Ailments among Patients Attending Dental OPDs in Karachi, Pakistan. Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health, 2018; 06(02). https://doi.org/10.4172/2332-0702.1000237

Chouhan, K., & Prasad, S. B. Self-medication and their consequences: A challenge to health professional. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 2016; 9(2), 314–317.

Rather, I. A., Kim, B. C., Bajpai, V. K., & Park, Y. H. Self-medication and antibiotic resistance: Crisis, current challenges, and prevention. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 2017; 24(4), 808–812. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2017.01.004

Alhaddad, M. S. The use of social media among Saudi residents for medicines related information. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 2018; 26(8), 1106–1111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2018.05.021

Garofalo, L., Di Giuseppe, G., & Angelillo, I. F. Self-medication practices among parents in italy. BioMed Research International, 2015.https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/580650

Diop, M., Kanouté, A., Diouf, M., Ndiaye, A. D., Mouhamadou, C., Lo, M., Faye, D., & Cissé, D. Behavior of the access to oral health care in Senegal. 2017; 4, 58–68. https://doi.org/10.5348/P16-2017-16-OA-8

Roberts, R. M., Hersh, A. L., Shapiro, D. J., Fleming-Dutra, K. E., & Hicks, L. A. Antibiotic prescriptions associated with dental-related emergency department visits. Annals of emergency medicine, 2019; 74(1), 45-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.09.019

Bhagania, M., Youseff, W., Mehra, P., & Figueroa, R. Treatment of odontogenic infections: An analysis of two antibiotic regimens. Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research, 2018; 8(2), 78–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2018.04.006

Aragon-Martinez, O. H., Isiordia-Espinoza, M. A., Tejeda Nava, F. J., & Aranda Romo, S. Dental Care Professionals Should Avoid the Administration of Amoxicillin in Healthy Patients During Third Molar Surgery: Is Antibiotic Resistence the Only Problem? Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2016; 74(8), 1512–1513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2016.04.026

Irawati, L., Alrasheedy, A. A., Hassali, M. A., & Saleem, F. Low-income community knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in Jelutong District, Penang, Malaysia: A qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 2019; 19(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7718-9

Ghiga, I., & Stålsby Lundborg, C. “Struggling to be a defender of health” -a qualitative study on the pharmacists’ perceptions of their role in antibiotic consumption and antibiotic resistance in Romania. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice, 2016; 9(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40545-016-0061-y

Aldeeri, A., Alzaid, H., Alshunaiber, R., Meaigel, S., Shaheen, N., & Adlan, A. Patterns of Self-Medication Behavior for Oral Health Problems Among Adults Living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Pharmacy, 2018; 6(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6010015

Adekunle, A. A., Uti, O. G., & Sofola, O. O. Correlates of illness behaviour related to orofacial infections of odontogenic origin among adults in a semi urban community in Nigeria. Ghana Medical Journal, 2019; 53(4), 294–298. https://doi.org/10.4314/gmj.v53i4.7


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.