The Effect of a Combination of Effleurage Massage and Endorphin Massage on the Back Pain Scale for Third Trimester Pregnant Women at the Padangsari Health Center, Semarang City

Iffa Weyne Arzeta, Sri Rahayu, Tecky Afifah Santy Amartha

Abstract


Backgorund: The prevalence of back pain in pregnant women in Indonesia ranges from 60% to 80%. In Central Java, it is 40%, while in Semarang in 2021, it was 73.3%. At the Padangsari Health Center, 9 of 10 mothers who experience back pain only seek relief through rest. This indicates that the incidence of back pain remains high, but there is a lack of effective solutions for managing it. This study to determine the effect of a combination of effleurage massage and endorphin massage on the back pain scale of third trimester pregnant women. Methods: The study employed a quasi-experimental research design with a control group. Participants were divided into two groups: the experimental group received a combination of effleurage massage and endorphin massage, while the control group practiced deep breathing relaxation techniques. The research was conducted at the Padangsari Health Center from January 7th to 13th, 2023. A total of 30 pregnant women experiencing back pain (15 in each group) were selected as the sample size, determined using the Lemeshow formula and purposive sampling technique. The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain scale observation sheet was used as the research instrument. Data analysis included univariate and bivariate methods. Univariate analysis involved calculating frequency distributions, while bivariate analysis used the Wilcoxon test for non-normally distributed data and the dependent t-test for normally distributed data. The Mann-Whitney test was employed to assess differences in back pain between the two groups. Results: The Mann-Whitney test showed a significant difference in the reduction of back pain scale between the experimental group and the control group, with a p-value of 0.000. Discussion: The combination of effleurage massage and endorphin massage effectively reduces the scale of back pain in third-trimester pregnant women at the Padangsari Health Center in Semarang city. There is a significant difference in the back pain scale between pregnant women who received a combination of effleurage massage and endorphin massage and those who used deep breathing relaxation techniques.

Keywords: back pain, a combination of effleurage massage and endorphin massage


Keywords


back pain, a combination of effleurage massage and endorphin massage

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33992/icmahs.v1i1.2945

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