KONSELING MEROKOK BERJENJANGTERAPI NON FARMAKOLOGI PADA PEROKOKLANSIA PEREMPUAN DI DATARAN TINGGI DIENG

Dwi Widiyaningsih Widiyaningsih

Abstract


Cold temperatures in fact become a fact why smoking behavior in the Dieng plateau is increasingly growing and cultivating, not only among adolescents, adults and even the elderly according to a survey conducted by researchers, 9 out of 10 elderly people smoke. Even more astonishing data are from 9 elderly people who smoke 3 of whom are elderly women. Smoking behavior among elderly women in the Dieng Plateau is even made as one of the tourist destination icons that often invites curiosity both foreign and domestic tourism, because it is taboo in society's view in general but instead it is used as one of the strategies to attract tourists. Elderly women smoke at first in the sacred event of cutting dreads because the social status of elderly women who smoke comes from a high social status but has an impact on the sustainability of smoking behavior which will certainly result in the emergence of various diseases and other losses due to smoking such as increased ISPA and heart disease suffered by a child whose mother smokes. Various government efforts in controlling smoking behavior have also been carried out and one of the efforts is by giving non-pharmacological therapy to smokers. The method in this activity is in-depth and tiered counseling to 17 respondents, after being grouped into 3 categories (wanting to quit smoking, wanting to reduce, and continuing to smoke) and giving non-pharmacological therapy is given based on their respective categories. In the group that wants to quit smoking the counseling given is motivational so that the smoker really wants to leave the cigarette with a success rate of 100%, for group respondents wanting to reduce the attainment of counseling is 65% while the group continues to smoke has not been reached because the success rate of counseling is still low at 12 % only.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brahmana, KM. 2009. Gambaran Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Wanita Dewasa Muda Dalam Mengambil Keputusan Mengkonsumsi Rokok (Jenis Lights Atau Non Lights). Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta.

DinKes Wonosobo. 2018. Profil Dinas Kesehatan Wonosobo

Eriksen M. Mackay J, Schluger J, Gomeshtapeh FI, Drope J. 2015. The Tobacco Atlas: Fifth Edition. USA: American Cancer Society.

Fiore MC, Treating Tobacco Use And Dependence, 2008

Greenbaum L, Kanyas K, Karni O, Merbl Y, Olender T, Horowitz A, Yakir A, Lancet D, Ben-Asher E, Lerer B. 2006. Why do young women smoke? I. Direct and interactive effects of environment, psychological characteristics and nicotinic cholinergic receptor genes. Molecular psychiatry. 11(3):312-22.

Haora MoHM. Guidelines For Smoking Cessation, New Zealand: 2002.

Nardini S, European Respiratory Monograph 42, 2008


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Dwi Widiyaningsih Widiyaningsih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.