HUBUNGAN POLA KONSUMSI LEMAK DAN KEBIASAAN MINUM KOPI DENGAN HIPERTENSI PADA LANSIA DI KELURAHAN PEGUYANGAN KECAMATAN DENPASAR UTARA

Wulan Tri Utami, I Made Rodja Suantara, A.A.Gde Raka Kayanaya

Abstract


Relationship of Fat Consumption Patterns

And Coffee Drinking Habits

With Hypertension In the Elderly

In Kelurahan Peguyangan, North Denpasar District

ABSTRACT

Hypertension can be caused by various factors such as the age, sex, stress, patterns of excessive fat consumption and heredity. This research was conducted in May 2018, proportional random sampling technique was used to find 50 samples. there were 50.0% had hypertension and 50.0% were categorized as non-hypertensive. Based on research that has been done, there are 66.0% with age range 60-69 years and 34% with age> 70 years, where 42,0% of them are male and the rest 58,0% are women. Based on the pattern of fat consumption, all samples consumed in both saturated and unsaturated fats based on the amount of fat consumed noted that 40.0% is sufficient and 60.0% less and based on frequent consumption of dietary fat sources 28.0% frequently and 72% rarely. Based on the habit of drinking coffee 80.0% very often and 20.0% rarely consume coffee. there is a relationship between fat consumption patterns and hypertension but there is no relationship between coffee drinking habits with hypertension. so, to prevent hypertension we should limit the consumption of fat, especially saturated fats.

Key words : Fat Consumption Patterns, Coffee Drinking Habits, Hypertension, Elderly


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Masqon. 2005. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Hipetensi Pada Kelompok Usia Lanjut Di Kecamatan Pegandon Kabupaten Kendal. Universitas Diponegoro.

Adib, M., 2009. Cara Mudah Memahami dan Menghindari Hipertensi, Jantung, dan Stroke. Yogyakarta : Dianloka Printika.

Almatsier,S, 2003 Prinsip-Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi. Jakarta : PT.Gramedia Pustaka Utama

__________2009. Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

Arief Irfan, 2008.Hipertensi: Faktor Resiko dan Penatalaksanaanya. http://www.pjnhk.go.i d/content/view/1372/31

Aritonang (2004). Hubungan Konsumsi Pangan. Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Sumatera Utara: Medan.

Baliwati, Y. F. (2004). Pengantar Pangan dan Gizi, Cetakan I. Jakarta: Penerbit Swadaya.

Bonnie K. Bealer, 2010, The Miracle of Caffeine : Manfaat Tak Terduga Kafein Berdasarkan Penelitian Paling Mutakhir, Qanita PT Mizan Pustaka, Bandung.

Bustan, M.N.2007.Epidemiologi Penyakit Tidak menular. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Beevers, D. G. 2002. Tekanan Darah. Jakarta : Dian Rakyat. Hal 17-18, 22-25, 35,37, 80-81, 84.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Denpasar. 2013. Denpasar dalam Angka 2013.

Badan Pusat Statistik, 2013. Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia. Jakarta-Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik

Cortas K., et all. 2008. Hypertension. http//:www.emedicine.com.

Douglas PS. 2001, Coronary Artery Disease in Women. In: Heart Disease. pp: 58:2038-48.

Darmojo RB, Mariono,HH (2004).Geriatri (Ilmu Kesehatan Usia Lanjut).Edisi ke-3.Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI

Firmansyah,2010,Hubungan Lemak Dengan Status Obesitas Pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Rawat Jalan Di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Penelitian Karya Tulis Ilmiah Poltekkes Denpasar Jurusan Gizi Program Studi Diploma III.

Gunawan,L,(2001). Hipertensi : Tekanan darah tinngi. Yogyakarta : Percetakan Kanisus.

Hudha.2006. pola konsumsi lemak. Cetakan 3. Jakarta : Penerbit Swadaya

Kumar, Vinay, Cotran, et al. 2007. Buku Ajar Patologi Anatomi Edisi 7 Vol. 2. Jakarta : EGC pp 367-378

Khomsan, A. 2004. Peranan Pangan dan Gizi untuk Kualitas Hidup. Penerbit PT Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia. Jakarta

Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2011. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2010. http://www.depkes.go.id.

Karyadi, E. (2002). Hidup Bersama Penyakit Hipertensi, Asam Urat dan Jantung Koroner. Jakarta: Gramedia

Karyadi, Elvina. 2002. Hidup dalam Hipertensi, Asam Urat, Jantung Koroner. Jakarta: PT. Intisari Mediatama.

Muchtadi, Tien R, dkk. 2010. Ilmu Pengetahuan Pangan. Bandung: AlfaBeta.

Mansjoer. (2001). Kapita Selekta Kedokteran. Jakarta: Media Aesculapius

Morrell. 2005. Kolesterol. Erlangga: Jakarta.

Riskesdas (Riset Kesehatan Dasar). 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, DEPKES RI.

Supariasa, I Dewa Nyoman, 2012. Penilaian Status Gizi. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Sustrani, Lanny. 2004. Hipertensi. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Soeharto, I. Kolesterol dan Lemak Jahat Kolesterol, Lemak baik dan Proses Terjadinya Serangan Jantung dan hipertensi Cetakan kedua. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama ; 2002

Sustrani, Lanny. 2004. Hipertensi. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Sharma Sat. 2007. Hypertension. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/241381-overview. January 10th, 2009.

Sartika, Henni. 2012. Hubungan Pola konsumsi lemak dengan status gizi pada lanjut usia . Skripsi. Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Sediaoetama, Achmad Djaeni.2010. Ilmu Gizi untuk mahasiswa dan profesi.edisi kelima. Jakarta:Dian Rakyat. hal. 1-244.

Simanjuntak, R.E.V.2011.Artikel Ilmu Bahan Makanan Penyegar. Program Studi.Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Vitahealth.,2005. Hipertensi , penerbit PT Gramedi Pustaka Utama, Jakarta 2005.

WHO.,2010.TheWorldHealthReport2010. http://www.who.int./whr/2010/en/index.html

Wade, A Hwheir, D.N Cameron, A. 2002. Using a Problem Detection Study (PDS) to Identify and Compare Health Care Privider and Consumer Views of Antihypertensive therapy. Journal of Human Hypertension, Jun Vol 17 Issue 6, p397.

Yogiantoro, M. 2006. Hipertensi Esensial dalam Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit dalam Edisi IV. Jakarta.

Yuniastuti, A. 2007. Gizi dan Kesehatan. Semarang: Graha Ilmu.




Copyright (c) 2020 Wulan Tri Utami, I Made Rodja Suantara, A.A.Gde Raka Kayanaya

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.