Biovabilitas Protein Dan Zat Besi, Persepsi, Dan Pola Menstruasi Sebagai Faktor Risiko Utama Penyebab Anemia Gizi Remaja Putri Kabupaten Badung

I Made Suarjana, Hertog Nursanyoto, Ni Putu Dana Pramita, Made Aproliana Florensia Ningrum

Abstract


Young women are one of the groups of people who are prone to iron nutrient deficiency. Iron is required as a substitute for iron lost due to the menstrual cycle. Another factor that also plays an anemic cause is low iron absorption. The absorption of iron requires the atmosphere of a reducing acid that is vitamin C, while Vitamin A is required in hematopoiesis. The purpose of this study to determine the trigger factors of anemia in adolescent girls who become participants of the prevention program and the prevention of anemia problem. This type of research is an observational research with cross sectional design and using statistical test of chelstle method of Mantel Haentzel and OR value for its meaning. Based on the results obtained, there are four significant triggers of anemia that is perception of adolescent about nutrition (OR = 2,24; 95% CI = 1,05 - 4,76), adherence to TTD (OR = 2,49; 95% CI = 1.11 - 5.58), protein consumption levels (OR = 3.27, 95% CI = 1.57 - 6.84) and iron (OR = 2.81; 95% CI = 1.30 - 6.05), and duration of menstrual bleeding (OR = 8.08; 95% CI = 1.05 - 61.89). It can be suggested from the results of this study that the distribution of tablets plus blood (TTD) needs to be intensified again, accompanied by an emphasis on the benefits of TTD tablets for young women to continue to consume independently when the distribution of TTD stops. In addition, nutrition counseling should also be given by taking the appropriate theme with the problem of adolescent nutrition. And it is considered necessary to make efforts to improve diet. Today's teenage diet that is high in fat and carbohydrates should be replaced with fresh foods rich in protein and iron. Consumption of vegetables and fruits also need to be improved, because both of these foods contain vitamin C which greatly helps the absorption of iron in the body.

Keywords: Anemia, Risk factor, girl teenagers



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